Overmolding of cables explained.
Overmolding is an injection molding process. More specific, we inject plastic around the wire and connector to create a single part. Therefore, we place the cable assembly inside an injection mold. The components, in this case the cable and connector pins, are encapsulated in plastic with this process. This plastic material can be a soft TPE or TPU layer. However, in some cases we do several overmoldings with hard and soft plastic, to form a connector with a click, for instance. The overmolding of electric cables is a specific process and requires good skills and experience.
The benefits of overmolding.
The process of overmolding has one main goal : durability and reliablity. Overmolding shields internal components. Next, it protects components and helps cable assemblies survive in harsh environments. Here are the benefits of overmolding your cable assemblies :
- It provides resistance to abrasion and shock or impact.
- Makes cable assemblies tamper-proof by encapsulating components beneath a sealed resin.
- Provides a strain relief and increased pull strength together with flexibility at the molded end.
- Creates water resistance or sealing to make a cable set waterproof.
- Improve the overall quality, appearance and feel of cable assemblies.
- Simplifies the installation by creating a connector assembly with keys to prevent from connecting in the wrong way.
- A perfect way of assembly without screws or glue.
Another advantage of overmolding cable assemblies is the level of customization that can be applied. While it is possible to overmold existing assemblies, you can also create a unique product that perfectly meets the requirements of your application. Customizable components include:
- Overmold color, which can be strategically chosen to color code assemblies, complement brand colors, match the cable jacket or blend in with equipment.
- Applying a logo or branding in the mold
- Adding flanges, which can be used at attachment points.
- The design and shape.
- The material used.
Engineering and production
Overmolding is a specific manufacturing process which requires skilles and experiences engineers and operators. Molds must be made very precise. We add features to hold and position the substrate in the mold during overmolding.
At Davantech we master the overmolding process.